8th Grade FINAL EXAM REVIEW SHEET
Stone Age –Hunter, Gatherer civilization that used stone, wood, and bone for materials.
Agriculture Age- Developed tools and farming. Were allowed to remain in one location and used metals like bronze and iron.
Industrial Age- Mass production of goods, the assembly line was created during this age.
Information Age- Mass communication, computers, and internet. Today’s age.
Capital – Anything that can be used for currency, money, land, stocks…..
People - Human beings
Time – Seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years, it takes time to do anything.
Machines/Tools - Hammer, saw, drill press, sander..
Materials – Wood, Stone, Metal. (Natural) Plastic, Rubber, Ceramic (Synthetic-Man made)
Energy - Solar, Nuclear, Wind, Water, Oil, Coal, to create anything energy is needed.
Information –Intelligence the use of resources to help create anything.
Processing of Materials
Separating – Removing of material from a project, sawing, sanding, filing, drilling
Combining –To put attach, gluing, nailing, screwing, stapling
Forming – To mold, or shape
Conditioning – Changing the molecules of a material to enhance it by heating it up, cooling it down.
Finishing – Putting color, shine, oil, finish on a project.
Ergonomics – How something forms to the human body.
OSHA- Occupation Safety and Health Administration (An organization looking out for workers health)
Aesthetics – How something looks, visual appeal.
Design Process/Problem Solving
Constraints – rules or laws you must follow, something holding you back.
Brainstorming - A meeting of people to bounce ideas back and forth with each other. No idea is stupid. Trade Offs – What is being sacrificed when doing something.
Isometric – 3-D drawing, no horizontal lines, goes out 30 degrees,
Oblique – 3-D drawing, starts on face, goes up and to the right at a 45 degree.